NorthEast Plastic Surgery logo
  • British & Australian
  • Expertise & Innovation

Gynecomastia Surgery

Gynaecomastia or breast enlargement in males which can demonstrate features of a female breast can be managed surgically where appropriate.

Before pursuing any surgical procedure, it’s important to equip yourself with the right information about the surgery, as well as any potential associated risks.

NorthEast Plastic Surgery is committed to ensuring that anyone considering such surgery for gynaecomastia is well-informed about the risks and benefits of surgical treatment.


What Is Gynecomastia? | What Is Pseudo-Gynecomastia? | What Is Gynecomastia Surgery? | Why Consider Gynecomastia Surgery? | How Much Does Gynecomastia Surgery Cost? | What Is The Recovery Period For Gynecomastia Surgery? | What Are The Risks Of Gynecomastia Surgery? | Your Gynecomastia Surgery Consultation

What Is Gynecomastia?

Gynaecomastia, commonly referred to as ‘man boobs’ or ‘gyno’, and also spelt gynecomastia, literally means “female breast”. It refers to an increase in the size breast tissue in males.

True gynecomastia occurs when a male experiences an enlargement of glandular tissue in the pectoral area. This can be due to a number of factors, but is most often caused hormonally.

What Is Pseudo-Gynecomastia?

Whilst also falling under the general umbrella term “man boobs”, pseudo-gynecomastia refers to an excess accumulation of fat in the pectoral area, and not an increase in glandular tissue. Though both gynecomastia and pseudo-gynecomastia are often colloquially referred to as simply gynecomastia or gyno, they are not the same thing.


If a person is interested in gynecomastia surgery, it will need to be determined whether their increase in breast tissue is a result of some underlying pathology or the result of excess fatty tissue in the chest.

What Is Gynecomastia Surgery?

The aim of gynecomastia surgery is to reduce breast volume and size, in addition to optimization of the nipple areolar complexes. The ultimate goal is to achieve an aesthetic male chest.

Features of the breast which can be addressed surgically include:

  • The volume of breast tissue and to address the defining features of the female breast shape when present, which includes the crease under the breast (inframammary fold)
  • Breast ptosis (descent) of the breast and capacity of the skin envelope
  • Size and position of the nipple areolar complex


The operation is performed using a variety of techniques under general anaesthetic in an accredited hospital. Typically, patients are treated in hospital for the day or with overnight care, receive antibiotic therapy and pain management.

Procedures are performed through access incisions around the nipple areolar complexes. Breast tissue is removed by excision along with liposuction surgery to remove fat and contour the breast at its periphery.

The most appropriate of these surgical access incisions will be discussed during your consultation.

The internal wounds are repaired with dissolving stitches and water proof dressings applied, allowing patients to shower. The patient is also provided with a compressive garment, which they will wear for approximately 3 weeks.

Why Consider Gynecomastia Surgery?

Though common among males of all age groups, men with gynecomastia consider surgery following development of breast tissue during puberty or following weight loss which may require management of breast, fat and skin in addition to nipple areolar complex position.

How Much Does Gynecomastia Surgery Cost?

In Australia, surgeons are strongly discouraged from advertising a set price for a medical procedure. This is in line with the Guidelines for advertising of regulated health services defined by the Australian Medical Board.

For this reason, we do not include a cost per procedure on our website.


Once you have booked an initial consultation with Mr Patrick Tansley or Dr Sugitha Seneviratne, your surgeon will discuss the cost of your gynecomastia surgery with you.

There is a cost for an initial consultation at our Melbourne clinic, with the potential to receive a portion of this back via Medicare where eligible for rebate, provided you have a referral from your GP.

During your consultation, you will be given a personalised cost or quote for your surgery. You will need to allow one hour for your consultation process.

What Is The Recovery Period For Gynecomastia Surgery?

It is important that access to medical attention is available by telephone once you have been discharged. Issues about which your surgeon needs to be made aware urgently include pain uncontrolled by medication, bleeding to the extent that the dressings soak through with blood, swelling of the breast(s), temperatures exceeding 38 degrees Celsius, redness of the skin or any concerns related to the surgery.

The post-operative recovery period of gynecomastia surgery is approximately one to two weeks, during which the breasts can be swollen or bruised. Swelling typically improves over six to eight weeks after surgery.

Whilst most patients are able to return to work within one to two weeks of surgery, overall improvement can be expected for a number of months.

Advice will be provided with regard to scar maturation strategies and resumption of driving, typically around one week after surgery.

Physical exercise can resume three to four weeks after surgery.

What Are The Risks Of Gynecomastia Surgery?

Complications with gynecomastia surgery are uncommon, but it’s important to understand that every surgical procedure comes with risks.

The risks of gynecomastia surgery include:

  • Problem scarring around the areolar and breast skin
  • Wound complications including infection, wound breakdown, or haematoma (collection of blood) or seroma (collection of tissue fluid)

This is in addition to the risk of further surgery to address such complications.

Risks specific to gynecomastia surgery can improve over time including:

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Numbness of the breast skin
  • Loss of sensation of the nipple areolar complexes


Whilst less common, a very significant complication is necrosis of the nipple areolar complex.

Specific risks which may require revisional surgery include asymmetry, contour irregularities, and dog ear formation, which refers to contour irregularities at either end of the scar.

Revisional surgery is necessary in approximately 3- 5% of patients who undergo gynecomastia surgery.

It is important that your surgeon is made aware of previous surgery and history of scarring, along with significant medical history, including a tendency for easy bruising and excessive bleeding, deep venous clots involving the legs, all prescription and non-prescription medication, allergies to anaesthetic agents, antibiotics and dressings, history of smoking and psychological or psychiatric issues.

These issues are important as they have the potential to affect the surgery, anaesthesia, potential complications, and recovery. A history of Raynaud’s disease or conditions affecting the peripheral circulation is also significant.

Further medical consultation may be necessary for endocrinological assessment and to minimize the risk of complications, including consultation regarding blood thinning agents which may need to be either ceased or modified in preparation for surgery.

Diagnostic tests including blood tests may also be necessary for your surgeon to obtain a complete assessment of bleeding tendencies and to optimise fitness for general anaesthesia.

If advised by your surgeon, it may also be necessary to cease some medications.

It is important to avoid Aspirin, Disprin, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication such as Nurofen, in addition to herbal medications such as Garlic, Ginseng, Ginko, Arnica, and Fish and Krill oils two weeks prior to and after surgery.

It is essential that smoking cease six weeks prior to and after surgery to minimize the risk of surgical wound complications and anaesthesia. Nicotine containing products can also affect wound healing and should be ceased two weeks prior to and after surgery.

A further significant aim of the consultation is to facilitate understanding of the potential risks of gynecomastia surgery.

Your Gynecomastia Surgery Consultation

The decision to undergo gynecomastia surgery is significant and adjustment to change in appearance needs be considered in addition to the process of post- operative recovery.

The aim of your consultation is to ascertain expectations and identify potential limitations to achieving those expectations, such as skin quality, breast anatomy, and scarring from previous surgery.

Patients seeking gynecomastia surgery may also have lost significant amounts of weight and may demonstrate breast asymmetry.


Two or more consultations are required prior to surgery to ensure a good understanding of the procedure, the likely results, and the period of recovery and downtime required.

It is only at the culmination of the consultation process, after having the opportunity to have questions addressed by your surgeon, should consent to gynecomastia surgery be given.

The consent process will also include a discussion regarding the costs of surgery and potential revisional surgery.

Second Opinion

Mr Patrick Tansley MD FRCS (Plast) and Dr Sugitha Seneviratne FRACS (Plast) provide second opinion to patients seeking to address problems following plastic surgery performed elsewhere and revisional or corrective surgery. If you would like a second opinion on previously undertaken surgery, book a consultation to discuss this with one or both of our surgeons.

Before & After Photos

As the privacy of our patients is of the utmost importance to us, we do not provide before and after photos on our website. You will be shown a number of before and after images during your private consultation to illustrate the potential outcomes of surgery. These images have been provided by previous patients who have consented to their private use.

contact us

T: (03) 9088 5000
F (03) 9088 5001
P 0411865055
(paging service for after hours emergencies only)


Essendon practice
53 Fletcher Street
Vic 3040

Onsite parking and tram service (59) to the premises

View larger Map

St Vincents Private Hospital Consulting Suites
5 Studley Avenue,
Vic 3101

Onsite parking to the premises

View larger Map

NorthEast Plastic Surgery logo

© Copyright 2022, North East Plastic Surgery. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy